Software Development Team Structure: What's The Right Approach?

Software Development Team Structure: What's The Right Approach?

Table of Contents

With the aid of outsourcing, more and more software projects are being completed effectively.

The organization of the software development team is a topic that is rarely explored, despite the fact that there are several resources available on identifying the best vendor and the cost of software development. 

The team structure is vital to the success of the finished project, practice has shown. Product development is guided in the appropriate path by effective teamwork. So gather your development team if you want your project to take off.

This article will outline the roles and responsibilities of each team member, how software development teams organize their work, and how to determine whether your team is diligently working on your project. We also give advice to assemble a winning software development team structure.

1. Three typical structures for development teams

Let's look at the usual development team structures you could see in the market by starting with the fundamentals. There are three of them: hybrid, specialist, and generalist. Let's now examine each one's characteristics:

1.1 Generalist

A generalist team is made up of experts with a broad range of knowledge and expertise. Each team member has some experience in a variety of product development domains, but none of them has significant knowledge in any one particular branch.

1.2 Specialist

As you might have guessed, it is a specialist team structure approach; everyone is well-versed in a particular field but has a limited understanding of the broader development difficulties. In such a team, each member is sufficiently knowledgeable about their respective specialty or technology to handle a certain task.

A team with this kind of makeup ensures the quality of your goods. Without a moderator, however, it might be difficult for separate professionals to speak with one another.

1.3 Hybrid

The hybrid team structure method wins the day among other formants as a compromise between the two worlds. As a result, many startup cofounders see this format as being the most effective among all others.

However, there are drawbacks to the hybrid team structure, and one of them is communication. Given that they practice in many fields and specialties, it could be difficult for hybrid specialists to reach consensus on certain topics. The key here is again excellent facilitation.

2. Main factors that define development team structure

Building a software development team structure is similar to organizing a team for a battle in that you must constantly be aware of who performs what duties. To do that, you must evaluate your current situation and develop a plan.

So, these are the things to consider when creating the structure of a development team.

2.1 Project type & complexity

The composition of your software development team structure will primarily depend on how complicated your project is. Is it, for instance, a web app in a certain industry or an IoT project? The first scenario is rather ordinary and doesn't require team members to be specialists (unless this is a specific niche domain). In contrast, the second scenario would demand for a large group of specially trained specialists with varied backgrounds.

2.2 Deadlines

The organization of your software development team is also influenced by how quickly you need to get your product on track. It could be challenging to deliver on time if you have a small crew and tight deadlines. Therefore, if you also intend to develop the product from scratch, you will need a team of senior engineers and a product manager who can quickly and effectively produce a complete product.

2.3 Budget

The project budget has an impact on a variety of variables, like seniority or the quantity of specialists. I advise employing the Agile team structure framework to reduce costs while still producing quality work.

2.4 Conditions of team collaboration

To organize the specialists and facilitate their communication, you must possess general competence in several areas of product development (design, programming, domain knowledge, marketing, etc.). You might also employ a product manager or someone with similar general knowledge.

3. What are the benefits of establishing a suitable software development team structure?

People are the foundation of every product. The success of your project will probably depend on how you relate the positions in a software development team to your business objectives. 

As far as the clients are concerned, the software development team must comply with all their wishes and never exceed their budget, it must meet every deadline and organize the software development process as efficiently as possible. However, this is easier said than done. The findings of an experiment conducted at Google suggest that it is team dynamics that ensures the company success and not an individual engineer. But for Vozniak and a bunch of techies, Steve Jobs would have never built Apple. After all, we are strong when we are together. This hints at considerable efforts to build the best team structure emphasizing its importance for a perfectly competitive firm.

An integral team is the one where each member complements each of the others while achieving their full potential. Indeema has built such a unit by employing like-minded people  and nurturing new talents through its courses. Our team structure among other issues substantiates why we are able to provide perfect releases.

4. Typical roles and responsibilities for a software development team

Every company should have both specialists and generalists who can work together well. The real business world differs from this in some ways. Every firm faces difficulties, has deadlines, and is on a limited budget. The generalist structure is used by the majority of software development project teams for this reason and more.

Let's investigate which positions exist in these teams:

4.1 Project manager (PM)

The planning and carrying out of projects are coordinated by this person. Project manager makes sure that business operations are ongoing. Relationship management between stakeholders and other organizational departments is another duty of project managers. Project manager oversees all procedures, delegates work, and guarantees that each team member follows the project schedule.

4.2 Business analyst (BA)

This person is in charge of organizing the crucial systems and procedures, analyzing them, and creating targets. Additionally, he or she makes sure the technology and the business model are compatible. Business analysts are anticipatory. They evaluate what functions well and poorly and determine the path the company should take.

4.3 Embedded engineer

An embedded engineer works on embedded systems that have a specified mission to complete. The system's software is frequently created by the engineer. To make sure the system functions properly, the engineer could assist with system testing.

4.4 Software architect

An architect is a senior software engineer on an app development team who takes executive choices regarding software architecture. If you work with old software that needs significant adjustments or a software product with complex requirements, you will need one. An architect of software determines which databases and services should communicate with one another, how integrations should operate, and how to guarantee that the product is stable and safe.

4.5 DevOps engineer

In order to balance needs across the software development life cycle, from coding and deployment to maintenance and upgrades, a DevOps engineer introduces methods, tools, and approaches.

By bridging the gap between the duties required to swiftly alter an application and those that ensure its dependability, DevOps engineers lessen that complexity.

4.6 UX/UI designer

This person is in charge of creating the user interface for the product. He or she makes sure that each feature and functionality affects users' bottom lines and addresses their problems. Their primary duties are usability and functionality.

4.7 Software developers (Front-end/Back-end)

These individuals make up the team in charge of the actual coding. Back-end developers work on the functionality, which is the product's invisible part, whereas front-end developers focus on its apparent components.

4.8 Quality assurance engineer (QA)

To assure the functionality of the product, a quality assurance engineer tests it. Additionally, he or she makes sure that the final product meets requirements and client expectations. You might think of them as the last editor who pays close attention to even the smallest details. They catch flaws and mistakes early, allowing the team to correct them before end users evaluate the product.

5. Structure of an agile software development team

5.1 Product Owner (PO)

PO is typically a significant project stakeholder. This person is in charge of internal development and has in-depth understanding of the user and the product. Making sure the finished product or service satisfies the client's needs is their responsibility. The PO monitors the team, aids and facilitates their work, and makes sure that all of the product specifications are met.

5.2 Scrum Master

Scrum It is an approach that aids in the self-organization and change-adaptation of agile teams in accordance with the Agile development principles. The software development process owner who oversees the team's work is known as the scrum master. He master manages and enables everything that occurs on the team.

5.3 Development team

A team of internal or contracted developers collaborates on the project. The Agile software  development team consists of front-end/back-end developers, UX designers, and QA testers, much like a traditional team would. They closely collaborate on the final result.

6. How are traditional teams and agile teams different from one another in terms of how they produce software?

With the aid of outsourcing, more and more software projects are being completed effectively.

The organization of the software development team structure is a topic that is rarely explored, despite the fact that there are several resources available on identifying the best vendor and the cost of software development.

The way individuals interact with one another is the primary distinction between the traditional and agile team structures. Agile team structure for software development appears to have a few more additional job roles.

7. Indeema's tips to take to assemble a winning software development team

Every project requires a different software development team structure, which necessitates a unique strategy. However, there are a few methods that are useful for organizing any team. So there are some useful tips from Indeema Software to take to assemble a winning software development team:

7.1 Determine the team size after analyzing the requirements

An agile structure of software development team is one that is adaptable. In actuality, this means that you should be flexible to change, treat people with respect rather than as a resource, and offer a unique solution to every issue that arises.

7.2 Select a team structure that is appropriate and pertinent for your project

Teams are made up of persons. Additionally, people can vary. Everyone has a unique way of acting and speaking, which is rarely compatible with another person's. Some individuals find it difficult to work cooperatively when gathering. And it's okay.

You may assemble a solid group of cooperative individuals by taking advantage of people's individual talents and traits. You need to be familiar with those people well enough to do it.

Additionally, we make an effort to compile all feedback on how much members of the team want to grow and work together. We present information on each candidate's advantages and disadvantages and talk about the ideal composition for the final product.

Also, Indeema uses the project management web application Redmine, giving our clients an opportunity to keep track of each task. Hence, our ability of providing a perfect release management is based on both the best team structure and the advanced methodologies.  

As well as frequent builds, testing is an indispensable part too because it is infinitely easier to fix the problems immediately rather than when they have mounted up. A concrete example is one of our current projects, a mileage tracking system for Android, iOS and web, where only the utmost precision and continual testing can ensure the success of the product.

7.3 Make sure you've covered all the roles that are required for the software development team

Consider the abilities you need to fill in the gaps if you already have internal resources, and look for specific talent to grow your team. If you're starting again, ensure your team is balanced and capable of handling various development-related facets.

8. Recap

It is insufficient to simply have an idea for a software application. In order to carry out your project properly and smoothly, you must hire the appropriate people. 

For a product to be developed successfully, the software development team structure is a crucial requirement. A number of variables, such as the project's complexity, budget, or deadlines, have an impact on who will be on your team. Agile team structures work best for startups because they give them the flexibility and independence they require.

But if you have any inquiries, please contact us. For more than 8 years, Indeema Software has been putting together committed teams. We are now prepared to begin putting together the agile team that will see your project through to completion. Check out some of our case studies in the interim to see what fantastic things we've created for our clients.

Yevhen Fedoriuk

Written by

Yevhen Fedoriuk

VP of Delivery at Indeema Software Inc.

In his role as VP of Delivery, Yevhen Fedoriuk places a strong emphasis on prioritizing client needs, drawing upon his extensive experience of over a decade in both technology and management.